Contents

Surveying Made Easy

Contents | 3 The Level 4 Preparing to Measure 5 Setting up the Level 5 Levelling-up the Instrument 5 Preparing the Instrument for Parallax-free Measurements 6 Inspecting the Line of Sight (two-peg test) 7 Measuring with the Level 8 Height Difference between two Points 8 Measuring Distances Optically with the Level 9 Line Levelling 10 Staking out Point Heights 11 Longitudinal and Transverse Profiles 12 Digital Level and Rotating Laser 13 The Digital Level 13 The Rotating Laser 13 The Total Station 14 Overview 15 Reflectorless Distance Measurement 15 Automatic Target Aiming 15 Coordinates 16 Measuring Angles 17 Instrument Errors 18 Instrument Errors of a Total Station 18 Checking the EDM of a Total Station 20 Setup to Measure 21 Setup over a Known Point (enter station coordinates and orientation) 21 Resection (calculate station coordinates and orientation) 22 Simple Surveying Tasks 23 Extrapolating a Straight Line 23 Polar Stake-out of a Point 23 Measuring Slopes 24 Plumbing Up or Down 25 Application Programs 26 Surveys (polar method) 26 Staking Out 27 Reference Line 28 Volume Valculation 28 Area Calculation 29 Remote Heights 30 Tie Distances 31 Staking out Profile Boards 32 Surveying with GNSS (GPS & Glonass) 33 GNSS Reference Stations 34 Contents


Surveying Made Easy
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